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Spanish-speaking countries

Andorra Argentina Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia
Costa Rica Cuba Ecuador Guinea Ecuatorial El Salvador España
Estados Unidos Guatemala Filipinas Honduras Mexico Nicaragua
Panama Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela
Andorra
Flag of Andorra

Principality of Andorra (Principat d´Andorra)

National name

Valls d’Andorra

Capital

Andorre-la-Vieille

Area

181 sq mi (468 sq km)

Population

69,150 (growth rate: 0.4%)

Currency

Euro

Languages

Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese

Ethnicity

Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6%

 

Literacy

100%

 

Argentina

Argentina

Argentine Republic

National name

República Argentina

Capital

Buenos Aires

Area

1,068,296 sq mi (2,766,890 sq km)

Population

38,740,807 (growth rate: 1.0%)

Currency

Peso

Languages

Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French

Ethnicity

European (mostly of Spanish and Italian descent) 97%, other (mostly Indian or mestizo) 3%

Literacy

97%

Belize
Flag of Belize

 

National name

Belize

Capital

Belmopan

Area

8,867 sq mi (22,966 sq km)

Population

245,000 (growth rate: 2.4%)

Currency

Belize dollar

Languages

English, Spanish, Creole dialects

Ethnicity

mestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%

Literacy

70%

 

  

Bolivia

Bolivia

Republic of Bolivia

 

National name

Republica de Bolivia

Capital

La Paz (administrative) and Sucre (judicial)

Area

424,162 sq mi (1,098,580 sq km)

Population

8,586,443 (growth rate: 1.8%)

Currency

Boliviano

Languages

Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)

Ethnicity

Quechua 30%, Aymara 25%, mestizo (mixed European and Indian ancestry) 30%, European 15%

Literacy

83.1%

Chile

Chile

Republic of Chile

 

National name

Republica de Chile

Capital

Santiago

Area

292,258 sq mi (756,950 sq km)

Population

15,665,216 (growth rate: 1.1%)

Currency

Chilean Peso

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

European and European-Indian 95%, Indian 3%, other 2%

Literacy

95.2%

 

Colombia

Colombia

Republic of Colombia

 

National name

Republica de Colombia

Capital

Bogota

Area

439,733 sq mi (1,138,910 sq km)

Population

41,662,073 (growth rate: 1.6%)

Currency

Colombian Peso

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Indian 3%, Indian 1%

Literacy

92.2%

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Republic of Costa Rica

 

National name

Republica de Costa Rica

Capital

San José

Area

19,730 sq mi  (51,100 sq km)

Population

3,896,092 (growth rate: 1.56%)

Currency

Colón

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

white (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Indian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%

Literacy

95.5%

  

Cuba

Cuba

Republic of Cuba

 

National name

República de Cuba

Capital

Havana

Area

42,803 sq mi (110,860 sq km)

Population

11,263,429 (growth rate: 0.5%)

Currency

Cuban Peso

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%

Literacy

96.7%

 

Ecuador

Ecuador

Republic of Ecuador

National name

Republica del Ecuador

Capital

Quito

Area

109,483 sq mi (283,560 sq km)

Population

13,710,234 (growth rate: 2.0%)

Currency

U.S. dollar

Languages

Spanish (official), Quechua

Ethnicity

mestizo (mixed Indian and Spanish) 65%, Indian 25%, Spanish 7%, black 3%

Literacy

90.1%

Ecuatorial Guinea
Flag of Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

 

National name

Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial

Capital

Malabo

Area

10,830 sq mi (28,051 sq km)

Population

510,473 (growth rate: 2.4%)

Currency

CFA Franc

Languages

Spanish (official), French (2nd official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Creole

Ethnicity

Bioko, some Fernandinos, Río Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish

Literacy

79%

 

El Salvador

El Salvador

Republic of El Salvador

 

National name

Republica de El Salvador

Capital

San Salvador

Area

8,124 sq mi (21,040 sq km)

Population

6,470,379 (growth rate: 2.2%)

Currency

Colón; U.S. dollar

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

mestizo 90%, Indian 1%, white 9%

Literacy

72.5%

España

Spain

Spain

 

National name

España

Capital

Madrid

Area

194,896 sq mi (504,782 sq km)

Population

40,217,413 (growth rate: 0.1%)

Currency

Euro

Languages

Castilian Spanish (official), Catalan, Galician, Basque

Ethnicity

Mediterranean and Nordic

Literacy

97%

 

Estados Unidos de America
Estados Unidos

United States

 

National name

Capital

Area

Population

Currency

Languages

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Literacy

United States of America

Washington,

3,717,792 sq mi (9,629,091 sq km)

280,562,489 (growth rate: 0.5%)

dollar

English, sizable Spanish-speaking minority

White: 211,460,626 (75.1%); Black: 34,658,190 (12.3%); Indian and Alaska Native: 2,475,956 (0.9%); Asian: 10,242,998 (3.6%); Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 398,835 (0.1%); Other race: 15,359,073 (5.5%); Hispanic origin: 35,305,818 (12.5%)

97%

Filipinas
Flag of Philippines

 

Republic of the Philippines

 

National name

República de Filipinas

Capital

Manila

Area

10%,830 sq mi (300,000 sq km)

Population

84,619,974 (growth rate: 2.1%)

Currency

Peso

Languages

Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English (both official); regional languages: Tagalog, Ilocano, Cebuano, others

Ethnicity

Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%

Literacy

94 %

 

Guatemala

Guatemala

Republic of Guatemala

 

National name

República de Guatemala

Capital

Guatemala City

Area

42,042 sq mi (108,890 sq km)

Population

13,909,40% (growth rate: 2.8%)

Currency

Quetzal

Languages

Spanish, Indian languages

Ethnicity

Mestizo (Indian-Spanish ancestry, called Ladino) 55%, Indian 43%

Literacy

63.6%

Honduras

Honduras

Republic of Honduras

 

National name

República de Honduras

Capital

Tegucigalpa D.C.

Area

43,278 sq mi (112,090 sq km)

Population

6,669,789 (growth rate: 2.5%)

Currency

Lempira

Languages

Spanish (official), English widely spoken in business

Ethnicity

mestizo (Indian and European) 90%, Indian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Literacy

75%

Mexico

Mexico

United Mexican States

 

National name

Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Capital

Mexico City

Area

761,602 sq mi (1,972,550 sq km)

Population

104,907,991 (growth rate: 1.7%)

Currency

Mexican Peso

Languages

Spanish, Indian languages

Ethnicity

mestizo (Indian-Spanish) 60%, Indian 30%, Caucasian 9%, other 1%

Literacy

89.6%

  

Nicaragua

Nicaragua

Republic of Nicaragua

 

National name

República de Nicaragua

Capital

Managua

Area

49,998 sq mi (129,494 sq km)

Population

5,128,517 (growth rate: 2.2%)

Currency

Gold cordoba

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

mestizo (Indian/white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Indian 5%

Literacy

68%

 

Panama

Panama

Republic of Panama

 

National name

República de Panama

Capital

Panama City

Area

30,193 sq mi (78,200 sq km)

Population

2,960,784 (growth rate: 1.5%)

Currency

balboa; U.S. dollar

Languages

Spanish (official); many bilingual in English

Ethnicity

mestizo (Indian/European) 70%, West Indian 14%, white 10%, Indian 6%

Literacy

90.8%

Paraguay
Paraguay

Republic of Paraguay

 

National name

República de Paraguay

Capital

Asunción

Area

157,046 sq mi (406,750 sq km)

Population

6,036,900 (growth rate: 2.6%)

Currency

Guaraní

Languages

Spanish (official), Guaraní

Ethnicity

mestizo (Spanish /Indian) 95%, whites plus Indians 5%

Literacy

92%

Peru

Peru

Republic of Peru

 

National name

República del Perú

Capital

Lima

Area

496,223 sq mi (1,285,220 sq km)

Population

28,409,897 (growth rate: 1.7%)

Currency

Nuevo sol

Languages

Spanish and Quéchua (both official), Aymara, and other native languages

Ethnicity

Indian 45%, mestizo (Indian/European) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Literacy

88.3%

 

Republica Dominicana
Flag of Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

 

National name

República Dominicana

Capital

Santo Domingo

Area

18,815 sq mi (48,730 sq km)

Population

8,715,602 (growth rate: 1.7%)

Currency

Dominican Peso

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%

Literacy

82.1%

 

Uruguay

Uruguay

Oriental Republic of Uruguay

 

National name

República Oriental del Uruguay

Capital

Montevideo

Area

18,815 sq mi (48,730 sq km)

Population

3,413,10%9 (growth rate: 0.8%)

Currency

Uruguay peso

Languages

Spanish

Ethnicity

white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%

Literacy

97.3%

 

Venezuela

Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

 

National name

República Bolivariana de Venezuela

Capital

Caracas

Area

352,143 sq mi (912,050 sq km)

Population

24,654,694 (growth rate: 1.5%)

Currency

bolivar

Languages

Spanish (official), various indigenous languages

Ethnicity

mestizo 67%, white 21%, black 10%, Indian 2%

Literacy

91.1%

 
Source: Encyclopædia Britannica; InfoPlease.com; The World Factbook 2001;
U.S. Bureau of the Census; The Columbia Encyclopedia.